All About DjangoRestAPI ! And How to Use it !!

All About DjangoRestAPI ! And How to Use it !!

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Django is a powerful web framework that provides tools for building RESTful APIs. In this blog, we will discuss what RESTful APIs are and how to use Django to build them.

What is REST?

REST stands for Representational State Transfer. It is a design pattern for creating web services that provide access to data and functionality through HTTP requests. RESTful APIs are based on the following principles:

  1. Resource-based: RESTful APIs are built around resources, which are represented by URLs. Each resource can be accessed using a unique URL.

  2. Stateless: Each request from the client to the server must contain all the information necessary to complete the request. The server does not maintain any state between requests.

  3. Client-server architecture: The client and server are separate and communicate using HTTP.

  4. Cacheable: Responses to requests can be cached to improve performance.

  5. Uniform interface: RESTful APIs use a uniform set of HTTP methods to interact with resources.

Using Django to Build RESTful APIs

Django provides a powerful set of tools for building RESTful APIs. The Django Rest Framework (DRF) is a popular extension to Django that makes it even easier to build RESTful APIs. Here's an example of how to create a simple RESTful API using Django and DRF.

  • Install Django and Django Rest Framework

First, install Django and DRF using pip:

pip install Django djangorestframework
  • Create a Django Project and App

Create a new Django project and app:

django-admin startproject myproject
cd myproject
python startapp myapp
  • Define Models

Define your models in

from django.db import models

class Product(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    description = models.TextField()
    price = models.DecimalField(max_digits=10, decimal_places=2)

    def __str__(self):
  • Define Serializers

Serializers convert model instances to JSON format. Define your serializers in

from rest_framework import serializers
from myapp.models import Product

class ProductSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    class Meta:
        model = Product
        fields = ('id', 'name', 'description', 'price')
  • Define Views

Views handle requests and responses. Define your views in

from rest_framework import generics
from myapp.models import Product
from myapp.serializers import ProductSerializer

class ProductList(generics.ListCreateAPIView):
    queryset = Product.objects.all()
    serializer_class = ProductSerializer

class ProductDetail(generics.RetrieveUpdateDestroyAPIView):
    queryset = Product.objects.all()
    serializer_class = ProductSerializer
  • Define URLs

Define your URLs in

from django.urls import path
from myapp.views import ProductList, ProductDetail

urlpatterns = [
    path('products/', ProductList.as_view()),
    path('products/<int:pk>/', ProductDetail.as_view()),
  • Run the Server

Run the development server:

python runserver
  • Test the API

Test the API using curl or a web browser:


In this blog, we have discussed what RESTful APIs are and how to use Django to build them. We have covered the key principles of REST and shown how to create a simple RESTful API using Django and the Django Rest Framework. With these tools, you can create powerful and flexible APIs